Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films are known for their elaborate visual style, was born in Parma, Italy, in 1941. After attending Rome University, he became famous as a poet. Later, he worked as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film "Accattone" (1961) and directed "La Commare Secca" (1962). His second film, "Before the Revolution" (1964), which was released in 1971, received an Academy Award nomination for best screenplay.
Bertolucci also received an Academy Award nomination as best director for "Last Tango in Paris" (1972), and the best director and best screenplay for the film "The Last Emperor" (1987), which received nine Academy Awards. Bernardo Bertolucci died aged 77 on 26 November 2018 in Rome, Italy.