GDR History, 1949 - 1990

GDR History, 1949 - 1990

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik DDR) existed from 1949 to 1990, the period when the eastern portion of Germany was a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

Parade to mark the the 40th anniversary of the founding of the GDR. / AKG148875
Parade to mark the the 40th anniversary of the founding of the GDR. / AKG148875

The GDR was established in the Soviet zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones. Soviet occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to German communist leaders in 1948, and the GDR began to function as a state on 7 October 1949. However, Soviet forces remained in the country throughout the Cold War. 

Modern new buildings are designed to give East Berlin, the capital of the GDR, the face of a socialist city - here families eating ice cream in the popular ice bar on Karl-Marx-Allee. Berlin 06.08.1970  / AKG1893034
Modern new buildings are designed to give East Berlin, the capital of the GDR, the face of a socialist city - here families eating ice cream in the popular ice bar on Karl-Marx-Allee. Berlin 06.08.1970  / AKG1893034

Until 1989, the GDR was governed by the Socialist Unity Party (SED), though other parties nominally participated in its alliance organisation, the National Front of Democratic Germany. 

Construction of the Berlin Wall

GDR by Peter Straube

Industry photographed by Werner Unfug

East German Fashion

Made in GDR

 

 

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