COP stands for Conference of the Parties. The 2021 Glasgow meeting will be the 26th meeting, which is why it's called COP26. It will be attended by countries that signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
World leaders from 200 countries, along with 20,000 delegates, and tens of thousands more protesters, campaigners and pressure groups, all brought together in the latest international effort to thwart the worsening climate crisis. The main goal of Cop26 – and its unofficial strapline – is to “keep 1.5 alive”, meaning countries must commit to reducing world fossil-fuel emissions to net zero by 2050 – the date by which the UN has said further emissions will mean global average temperatures will rise at least 1.5C above pre-industrial levels.
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