Bauhaus Centenary 2019

Bauhaus Centenary 2019

April 2019: 100 years since the founding of the Bauhaus School of Art & Architecture, which to this day serves as a benchmark for those belonging to the avant-garde in art, design, architecture and urban planning.

Walter Gropius founded the Staatliche Bauhaus in Weimar in 1919. His manifesto read:

"The Bauhaus strives to bring together all creative effort into one whole, to reunify all the disciplines of practical art —sculpture, painting, handicrafts, and the crafts— as inseparable components of a new architecture." 

During the years of the Bauhaus (1919-1933) this aspiration solidified further, and the proclaimed synthesis of the arts and crafts reached its full potential during the so-called Dessau Period (1925-1932). The courses and workshops were led by renowned artists, the "masters of form", each assisted by a craftsman. 

Both directors of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, as well as Bauhaus student (and inventor of tubular steel furniture) Marcel Breuer rose to international acclaim after emigrating from Germany to the USA. All three went on to erect buildings that are today regarded as the epitome of modern architecture.

Johannes Itten, László Moholy-Nagy (who was also head of the metal workshop) and Josef Albers led the preliminary course. Lyonel Feininger served as master of form in the printing workshop, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee worked in the glass and wall painting workshop. Oskar Schlemmer directed the stone sculpture workshop, the wood sculpture workshop, and the stage workshop.

Bauhaus (Staatliches Bauhaus, school with arts and crafts workshops, architecture and fine arts; built in Dessau from 1925 after designs by Walter Gropius).<br/>AKG1108168
Bauhaus (State Bauhaus, school with workshops for creative crafts, architecture and fine arts, built 1925. Designed by Walter Gropius).<br/>AKG950512
At Paul Klee’s Bauhaus studio in Weimar, 1st April 1925: the Bauhaus Masters (from left to right) Lyonel Feininger, Vassily Kandinsky, Oskar Schlemmer, Georg Muche and Paul Klee. Photo, 1925<br/>AKG116352
Gropius, Walter;<br/>German architect, co-founder of the Bauhaus School; photo c. 1933.<br/>AKG471858
Weimar, Bauhaus pottery studio, 1923<br/>AKG176658
Johannes Itten, Colour wheel from utopia, 1921<br/>AKG559544
“A 19”, 1927, by Lászlo Moholy-Nagy<br/>AKG587724
Wassily Kandinsky, “Falling silent”, 1924<br/>AKG566519
Paul Klee, Adventurer at Sea, 1927<br/>AKG224090
Oscar Schlemmer, School for Women, 1930<br/>AKG325393
Oscar Schlemmer, “Scheibentänzer” (disk dancer), 1920/22 (figurine from the Triadic Ballet)<br/>AKG145489
Study / Design: Walter Gropius / c. 1927<br/>AKG107043
Two chairs (of four) “Weißenhof MR 20”. Design, 1927, by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe <br/>AKG380135
Exterior view of the "Kornhaus" in Dessau, Germany, designed by Carl Flieger, 1929.<br/>AKG411207
Farnsworth House, Plano, United States. Architect: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 1951<br/>AKG2525544
German Pavilion for the International Exhibition, 1929, in Barcelona; arch.: Mies van der Rohe; reconstructed at the original site in 1986.<br/>Partial view with sculpture by Georg Kolbe.<br/>AKG204275
Bird's Eye View of Gropiushaus in Gropiusstadt, Berlin.<br/>AKG2930695
Halle, office building, Forsterstraße (built c. 1924, Arch.: Alfred Gellhorn)<br/>AKG211484
Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity in Halle/ Salle. Designed by Wilhelm Ulrich in 1929-1930.<br/>AKG1582580