Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms

Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms

Art, World & War

Settling in Great Britain from the 5th century, the Anglo-Saxons were people from Germanic tribes who migrated to the island from continental Europe. Historically, the period between about 450 and 1066 is referred to as the Anglo-Saxon period, after their initial settlement and up until the Norman conquest. It was a period of the creation of an English nation, establishment of Christianity, and flowering of language and culture. An establishment of monasteries as centres of learning is reflected in the beautifully illuminated Lindisfarne Gospels, Codex Amiatinus, and Bede's Ecclesiastical History.

The material culture of the Anglo-Saxons can be seen through their buildings, dress styles, tapestries, and grave goods. The Anglo-Saxons were great craft workers and made intricate jewellery, musical instruments, and homemade toys and games. The stunning finds from Sutton Hoo and the Staffordshire Hoard are a reflection of the Anglo-Saxons’ believes and traditions before their conversion to Christianity.

Map of territory controlled by Celts, Picts, Anglos, Saxons, and other tribes in Britain in 597 AD. Printed colour lithograph of a 19th-century illustration<br/>AKG892457
Sutton Hoo ship burial, 7th century, (1990-2010) Artist: Peter Dunn.<br/>AKG5735424
Reconstructed Sutton Hoo Helmet, which was part of the Staffordshire Hoard is the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork. Dated 5th Century<br/>AKG5519236
Lindisfarne Gospels<br/>Illuminated manuscript, England. 710–721 by by Eadfrith, Bishop of Lindisfarne and Aldred the Glossator.<br/>Incipit page of St Matthew’s Gospel. Text with marginal decoration.<br/>AKG3824905
The Strickland Brooch.<br/><br/>(Central hollow-sided cruciform design with a boss at its centre and animal-head terminals).<br/>Sheet silver with inlaid gold and niello ornament,<br/>diameter 11.2cm. British Museum, London<br/>AKG644200
England, London, Gold bag hinge with enamel decorations, from the Sutton Hoo treasure, goldwork 7th Century A.D., London, British Museum<br/>AKG1338190
Codex Amiatinus, early 8th Century.<br/>Earliest surviving manuscript of the nearly complete Bible in the Latin Vulgate version,<br/>produced in the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria as a gift for the Pope.<br/>AKG4087170
Pendant (Ixworth Cross), Anglo-Saxon Period, c. 7th century. Artist: Unknown.<br/>AKG5845825
The Alfred Jewel is probably the single most famous archaeological object in England. It is comprised of a piece of cloisonne enamel depicting a human figure, though to be a representation of the sense of sight.<br/>AKG2087810
Complete non-local Anglo-Saxon Coin Hoard (The Crondall Hoard), 7th century. Artist: Unknown.<br/>AKG5845959
“Book of Kells”. Page bearing ornate initial “L”.<br/>8th century<br/>Dublin, Trinity College.<br/>AKG45410
Bayeux Tapestry, late 11th century.<br/>(Embroidery on linen, 70m long x 50cm cm wide; depiction of the Norman Conquest of England 1064–66).<br/><br/>Harolds is crowend to be the King of England.<br/>Bayeux, Musée de la Tapisserie.<br/>AKG29430
England / Normandy: William I (c. 1028 – 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror, with his half-brothers Odo (left) and Robert (right). Panel from the Bayeux Tapestry, 12th century<br/>AKG4566695
Posthumous portrait of William the Conqueror by unknown artist, circa 1620. <br/>AKG5461143
Battle of Hastings, 1066, (c1990-2010). Reconstruction drawing of the battle scene with soldiers at Battle Abbey, East Sussex. <br/>AKG5735367
Franks Casket, Anglo-Saxon whale bone chest from the<br/>7th Century, decorated with knife-cut narrative scenes.<br/><br/>Szene depicting Romulus and Remus.<br/>British Museum.<br/>AKG1378492
Peterborough Cathedral, (also: Saint Peter’s Cathedral), founded in the Anglo-Saxon period, rebuilt in the 12th century. Cambridgeshire, England<br/>Exterior view of the west facade.<br/>AKG401627
England / UK: The ruins of Lindisfarne Priory, by Thomas Girtin (1775-1802), 1798<br/>AKG3824930
Monastic settlement, Glastonbury Tor, c.11th century, (1990-2010). Artist: Judith Dobie.<br/>AKG5735418
Caedmon's Cross, St Mary's Churchyard, Whitby, North Yorkshire. Artist: Dorothy Burrows<br/>AKG4871194